As we continue to lead our lives on this planet, we must understand that our lives are constantly under threat and danger may arise anytime. If anything this global pandemic of the disease has taught us, one thing is clear enough, we need to stay prepared for whatever may come in the future. Every dangerous situation begins as an issue with prominent enough signs that we as human beings can detect and address to solve to our best ability. Some pre-eminent global issues that have been lingering over us for quite some time have shown large signs of an eruption in recent days. by eruptions we mean they might turn into something that we may soon longer be able to control. When a global situation as big as the listed below slips out of control, it only brings massive scale trouble, chaos, and destruction. So let’s scrutinize a few of the top global issues that pose a threat to our existence today and why they need our full attention at the earliest.
10 Global Issues Today That Need Our Serious Attention
1. Climate Change
The climate under which we live affects our health and way of living drastically. At present, all over the world, people are realizing that climate change is indeed real. Take the case of the United States of America for instance, dry and hot places like Texas witnessed their first snowstorm in a century which lead to an immense struggle for human survival due to unpreparedness. Unfortunately, leaders of several countries still do not take climate change seriously. Wrapped in the hands of greedy corporations, governments all around the world still fail to force sanctions on industries that cause major pollution that ultimately leads to climate change.
2. Refugee Crisis
It is not rare to see in the news since the past few decades pictures of children and adults washed up on the beach who died when their migrant boat capsized. You may ask this question, why do people who are labeled as refugees leave their birth country? Refugee crises arise when a country suffers from wars, genocides, and more. In short, people in fear of their lives choose to leave their country in search of a better life for themselves and their families. Turning them away is cruel enough, and we must understand these refugees have nowhere to go. A simple act of compassion can make a big difference in their lives in their moment of misery.
3. Human Rights in China and Syria
Human rights abuse is one of the major threats that loom above most countries in the world. Human rights activists and watch-groups take careful notes on how a country upholds the sanctity of its people and the government. In recent years, reports have surfaced of gross human rights abuse in countries like China and Syria. Several issues and laws in China have been scrutinized based on obvious neglect of human rights. Human Rights Watch, an international NGO recently reported China’s mishandling of matters related to Freedom of Speech, Religion, Sexual orientation among many more. Similar to the case for Syria, where the people were subjected to brutal war effects, falling in the middle of the government and militia groups. Moreover, the heinous crimes committed against Yazidi women.
4. Racial Injustice
We recently witnessed the obvious case of racial injustice at a global spectrum in the aftermaths of the killing of Goerge Floyd by the police enforcements in the U.S.A. But racial injustice is not solely an American issue it happens everywhere around the globe. Racial injustice and racism are often credited as offspring resulting from colonialism. To an extent, colonialism indeed leads to the growth of racial injustice but the fact that it still exists is heart-wrenching and dangerous to be subjected to or witness. As responsible and compassionate citizens of a country, we must practice vigilance and prevent racial injustice from taking place in the best way we can.
5. Income Gap
The income gap is still prevalent in most countries around the globe and that alone is outrageous. By income gap we mean, the difference in pay between men and women while they perform that same job. The first recorded prevalence and opposition towards the income gap came during the first wave of feminism, aligning with the first world war. When women were allowed to work in factories, they soon discovered they were paid way less in comparison to their male counterparts. In response to the protests, the business owners at that time simply responded with sexist claims included the bogus pretense of a man requiring a bigger income because he feeds the family. At present, though the sexist claims regarding the income gap will surely cause an outrage in the global sphere, what can not be ignored is that this sexist belief is still widely believed behind closed doors of the conglomerates. And thus, the income gap still exists between men and women.
6. Hunger and Food Insecurity
Like Jimmy Carter, former president of the United States of America said,
“We know that a peaceful world cannot long exist, one-third rich and two-thirds hungry.”
We must agree that there is enough food to feed all the hungry and malnutrition in this world. But the heinous greed of the rich countries and businesses prevents food from falling on the plates of the poor. For instance, did you know the food that goes into waste at fine-dining restaurants can easily be served to the poor? But still, according to rules, the workers in the kitchen are required to throw them in the garbage with extra salt and vinegar so they can’t be consumed anymore. Although several acts propose to curb hunger and food scarcity shortly, stronger and diligent efforts are required in this process to succeed.
Terrorism is one of the major global crimes that threaten our daily existence and may result in something dangerous if not kept in check from time to time. Two types of terrorism exist in this world, internal and external terrorism. Internal/domestic terrorism involves threats from homegrown violent groups such as the Maoists whereas external/foreign terrorism involves the threat of violence and destruction from sources outside the country that may trespass borders and endanger human lives. The threats of terrorism are larger than ever at present when the world seems to be so divided, Thus, constant alert and vigilance from intelligence institutions and common citizens is required at the cost of freedom.
8. Marine life
Marine life signals life under the water bodies such as oceans, lakes, and rivers. Due to unsustainable human activity, our marine life has fallen under threat. Several species of marine life die every year because of the pollutants that enter these water bodies which is their home. Harmful pollutants are digested inside these aquatic animals which result in deformities and ultimate death. So efforts must be taken from the side of government and general citizens to curb the uncertainty that looms above marine life’s survival.
9. Wildlife – Deforestation, Wildfire
The wildlife is under threat of extinction in this world. As often is the case, the danger the surrounds the existence of wildlife results from human activities such as deforestation and wildfire. Wildfires in Australia and California in the past year were some of the instances where we saw the threat to wildlife clearly in the news. The population of Koalas, Kangaroos, and other wild animals nearly halved due to the wildfire in Australia. In another instance, the Amazon fires were one of the largest examples of man-made deforestation. Amazon forest is home to numerous wildlife which were put at risk of survival when the forest was set on fire due to reasons which primary signal human greed. What’s common in both the cases of Australia’s wildfire and Brazil’s Amazon fire and deforestation was the negligence, slow-response, and indirect approval of let-it-happen. We must take a stand against such horrendous acts which put out wildlife in threat and thereby, disrupt the ecosystem.
10. Nuclear Threat – Weaponization- Pakistan, China, and North Korea
When the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons was introduced in the United Nations for countries to sign, many countries outright refused. There were, of course, logical reasons behind the refusal, some stated that they would continue their nuclear research for energy-generation purpose while other stated that this treaty would divide countries in Nuclear Haves-And-Have-Not. In the end, moat countries unanimously agreed not to use nuclear weapons as a threat that would result in war and large-scale destruction.
Though in current times, forty years since the NPT treaty was introduced, we notice some countries continuing their development of nuclear weapons in secrecy, coming into light through satellite imagery. We often hear in the news China, Pakistan, and North Korea, countries which did not sign the NPT showing off their nuclear might and threatening neighboring countries. The destruction that can be brought on by nuclear weapons is too serious and damaging to ignore. That is why, in the words of International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, Nobel Peace Prize winner of 2017, we would like to encourage the world for,
“One movement. One goal. End Nuclear Weapons.”